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Sustainable dam development in India between global norms and local practices

Choudhury, Nirmalya
DIE Discussion Paper 10/2010 Bonn
German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

ISBN: 978-3-88985-518-3

This paper explores reforms in environmental and resettlement policies in India and the influence of domestic and external actors on the reform process. It also analyses the ways in which environment and resettlement policies have been implemented in a number of hydropower projects. At project level the analysis focuses on how state and non-state actors influence decision-making on the introduction of superior environmental and social standards through changes in policies and laws. At macro level, the study begins by describing the multilevel processes that govern dam decision-making. It then considers the legal and policylevel changes in the areas of environmental clearance and resettlement and the role played by state and non-state actors in the changes that have been made in the last three decades.
The dam projects selected are the Allain Duhangan Project, which is being funded by the International Finance Corporation, and the domestically funded Lower Subansiri and Dibang Multipurpose projects, the aim being to understand how superior social and environmental standards are put into practice and the role played by various state and non-state actors in this. The study argues that, at macro level, it is civil society which has been the major driver of change in the area of resettlement over the last three decades. In the environment arena the changes are the outcome of competing demands from civil society and growth-oriented ministries and departments of the Government of India. At project level, superior social and environmental standards are primarily driven by social mobilisation initiated by civil society. The presence of international actors like the International Finance Corporation, with superior social and environmental policies, catalyses the process.

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Conceptualizing Cooperation for Africa's Transboundary Aquifer Systems


Waltina Scheumann, Elke Herrfahrdt_Pähle (Eds.)
DIE Studies Nr. 32 German Development Institute /
Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

: Africa, Aquifers, Groundwater,  Transboundary Water Management

ISBN: 978-3-88985-364-4

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A Bibliography and Data Base on Environmental Benefit Valuation Studies in Austria, Germany and Switzerland


Elsasser, P., Meyerhoff J. (2007) Bundesforschungsanstalt für Forst- und Holzwirtschaft und Zentrum Holzwirtschaft Universität Hamburg

Transboundary Water Management in Africa: Challenges for Development Cooperation


Waltina Scheumann, Susanne Neubert (Eds.)
DIE Studies Nr. 21
German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

Africa is a continent exceptionally well endowed with transboundary river basins and large lakes extending over the territories of several countries. Since water and water-related products are strategically important for its national economies, development cooperation has a vital interest in supporting the joint management of transboundary waters. The study provides insights into the river and lake basins of the Zambezi, Limpopo, Orange-Senqu, Lake Chad and Lake Viktoria, and it shows that the international development partners and national have had a marked influence on the establishment of water regimes and are still supporting their management activities. The concept of „benefit sharing instead of water sharing“ can provide appropriate incentives for transboundary cooperation, because benefits – and associated costs – of e.g. hydro-power are easier to allocate than absolute water quantities for irrigation purposes. River or lake basin committee or commissions are crucial instruments for developing options to satisfy the nations demands as well as for defining keys for a fair allocation of costs and benefits. However, international and national donor organizations should effectively coordinate their activities in order to avoid overlapping efforts, and they should agree not to fund national projects bilaterally if the transboundary impact of such projects turn out to be negative. The international community should furthermore commit itself to the rules of ‘prior notification’ and ‘no-objection’. Although many success stories can be reported on the African continent, there is still some way to go in transboundary water cooperation there.

Keywords: Africa, Benefit Sharing, River and Lake Basin Institutions Transboundary Water Management

ISBN-10: 3-88985-326-9
ISBN-13: 978-3-88985-326-4

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Nachhaltiger Tourismus - Informieren mit System: Ergebnisse eines Modellprojekts in der Prignitz


HOFFMANN, F.; WULFF, J.; DORSCH, P. (2006) Nachhaltiger Tourismus - Inormieren mit System. Ergebnisse eines Modellprojekts in der Prignitz. Fachbeiträge des Landesumweltamtes Brandenburg, Heft Nr. 102

Die Bewertung von Biodiversitätsschäden im Rahmen der neuen EU-Umwelthaftungsrichtlinie


Axel Klaphake, Wolfgang Peters (Hrsg.) 2005. Naturschutz in Recht und Praxis. Interdisziplinäre Onlinezeitschrift für Naturschutz und Naturschutzrecht

Kooperation an internationalen Flüssen aus ökonomischer Perspektive: Das Konzept des Benefit Sharing


Axel Klaphake Discussion Paper 6/2005, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik

Empfehlungen zur strategischen Orientierung der EZ im grenzüberschreitenden Gewässermanagement in Afrika


Waltina Scheumann / Susanne Neubert Discussion Paper 10/2005, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik

Kooperation an Afrikas internationale Gewässern: die Bedeutung des Informationsaustausches


Malte Grossmann Discussion Paper 9/2005, Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik

Bürgerumfrage zur Vorbereitung des landschaftsplanerischen Ideen- und Realisierungswettbewerbs für den Park am Gleisdreieck, Berlin.

Klaphake, A., Mahlke, M., Pieschel, U. & Schröder, T. (2005)

Endbericht für die Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung Berlin

http://www.gleisdreieck-dialog.de/site/pictures/Buergerumfrage_Endbericht_klaphake_final.pdf http://www.gleisdreieck-dialog.de/site/pictures/Fokusgruppen_Gleisdreieck_Endbericht.pdf

Reclaiming Drainage. Toward an integrated Approach


Safwat Abdel-Dayam, Jan Hoevenaars, Peter P. Mollinga, Waltina Scheumann, Roel Slootweg, Frank van Steenbergen World Bank, Agriculture and Rural Development Report 1, 2004

Reforming Governance Systems for Drainage in Pakistan. Toward an Interdisciplinary And Integrated Approach to Agricultural Drainage


Scheumann, W. & Memon, Y.M. (2004). Reforming Governance Systems for Drainage in Pakistan. Toward an Interdisciplinary And Integrated Approach to Agricultural Drainage. The World Bank, Agriculture and Rural Development Working Paper 11, Washington, D.C.

Monetäre Bewertung einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung der Stromlandschaft Elbe


Hartje, V., Meyerhoff, J & Dehnhardt, A. 2003, Endbericht BMBF Forschungsverbund Elbe Ökologie

The International Debate on the Ecosystem Approach


Volkmar Hartje, Axel Klaphake & Rainer Schliep BfN-Scripten 80, 2003

Institutional Arrangements for Land Drainage in Developing Countries


Freisem, C & Scheumann, W. 2001, International Water Management Institute, Working Paper No 28

Kosten einer möglichen Klimaänderung auf Sylt


Volkmar Hartje, Ina Meyer & Jürgen Meyerhoff 2001

Ökonomische Bewertung ökologischer Leistungen - Stand der Diskussion und mögliche Bedeutung für das Forschungsprogramm Elbe Ökologie


Jürgen Meyerhoff Mitteilungen 5 / Projektgruppe Elbe Ökologie der Bundesanstalt für Gewässerkunde (1999)

Dams and development co-operation. Experiences and perspectives in German bilateral development co-operation


Volkmar Hartje & Klaus Horstmann 1999, Discussion Paper for the World Commission on Dams (WCD)

Umweltverträglichkeit kleiner Wasserkraftwerke. Zielkonflikte zwischen Klima- und Gewässerschutz


Jürgen Meyerhoff, Ulrich Petschow Berichte des Umweltbundesamt 13/98



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