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FG LandschaftsökonomieFreshwaterresources and Transboundary Rivers on the international Agenda: from UNCED to Rio+10

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Titel | Titel

Freshwater Resources and Transboundary Rivers on the International Agenda: From UNCED to Rio+10

 

Förderung | Funding

Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)

 

Laufzeit | Duration

2001

 

Projektleitung| Project Leader

Waltina Scheumann 

 

Projektteam | Project Team

Waltina Scheumann

Axel Klaphake

 

Kooperationspartner | Cooperation Partner

Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE)

 

Schlüsselwörter | Keywords

 

Zusammenfassung | Summary

Freshwater resources were not among the topics of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) that received much political attention and publicity. The agenda was dominated by negotiations on conventions on climate change, bio-diversity, on protecting (tropical) forests, and, finally, it was agreed that a convention on combating desertification would be negotiated later in 1994. However, it would be misleading to assume that freshwater resources were a neglected issue.

Prior to RIO, the UN Conference on Water and the Environment (Dublin 1992) decided on four relevant principles which influenced negotiations during the UNCED, and have dominated academic as well as political discussion ever since. In RIO, debates over freshwater resources were restricted to the Working Group II that proposed a draft which became part of the AGENDA 21 (Chapter 18: “Protection of the Quality and Supply of Freshwater Resources:

Application of Integrated Approaches to the Development, Management and Use of Water Resources”). After the UNCED, protection and development of freshwater resources attracted increasing attention and a considerable number of international conferences were organised. In 1997, the Special Session of the UN General Assembly (UNGASS) called for a Programme for the Further Implementation of the Agenda 21, and decided that the CSD-6 working programme for 1998 to 2002 would be to develop strategic approaches to freshwater management. Early this year, the Second World Water Forum in The Hague developed a World Water Vision and a Framework for Action for overcoming the threatening water crises.

However, despite continuing efforts, success has been mixed. Therefore, the International Conference on Freshwater 2001, hosted by Germany, will focus on practical solutions to be implemented. The Conference is part of the 10-year follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 2002, and will be a preparatory step for the upcoming review of the UNCED’s outcomes.

Our study provides an overview of the UNCED negotiation process identifying common understandings, controversial issues and deficits. It then displays how protection and development of freshwater resources has dominated the international agenda since RIO.

 

Projektseite | Project Page

http://www.water-2001.de/supporting/

 

Veröffentlichungen | Publications

Klaphake, A., Scheumann, W.& Schliep, R. (2001). Biodiversity and International Water Policy. International Agreements and Experiences related to the Protection of Freshwater Ecosystems. Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ), German Development Institute (GDI), Bonn.

 

Scheumann, W. &  Klaphake, A. (2001). Freshwater Resources and Transboundary Rivers on the International Agenda: From UNCED to Rio+10. Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ), German Development Institute (GDI), Bonn.

 

Scheumann, W.& Klaphake, A. (2001). The Convention on the Law of Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses. Gutachten im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ), German Development Institute (GDI), Bonn.

 

Scheumann, W. & Klaphake, A. (2001): Politische Antworten auf die globale Wasserkrise : Trends und Konflikte. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte 48-49(20): 3-12.

 

Klaphake, A. (2003). Wasser als eine Schlüsselressource für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung: Kontroversen und Lösungsansätze in der internationalen Diskussion. In Kopfmüller, J. (Hrsg.).Den globalen Wandel gestalten - Forschung und Politik für einen nachhaltigen globalen Wandel. Edition Sigma: Berlin, 149-175

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